Overview

Ekiti State is situated entirely within the tropics. It is located between longitudes 40°51′ and 50°451′ East of the Greenwich meridian and latitudes 70°151′ and 80°51′ north of the Equator. It lies south of Kwara and Kogi State, East of Osun State and bounded by Ondo State in the East and in the south, with a total land Area of 5887.890sq km. Ekiti State has 16 Local Government Councils. By 1991 Census, the population of Ekiti State was 1,647,822 while the estimated population upon its creation on October 1st 1996 was put at 1,750,000 with the capital located at Ado-Ekiti. The 2006 population census by the National Population Commission put the population of Ekiti State at 2,384,212 people.

Maps

Geography/Topology

Mainly an upland zone rising over 250 metres above sea level, Ekiti has a rhythmically undulating surface. The landscape consists of ancient plains broken by steep-sided outcropping dome rocks. These rocks may occur singularly or in groups or ridges and the most notable of these are to be found in Efon-Alaaye, Ikere-Ekiti and Okemesi-Ekiti.

An important feature of the state is the large number of hills it possesses, which are often the site of towns in which much of the population resides. In fact, the word ‘Ekiti’ was derived from the local term for hill.

Climate & Vegetation

The State enjoys a tropical climate with two distinct seasons. These are the rainy season (April – October) and the dry season (November – March). Temperature ranges between 21oC and 28oC with high humidity. The south – westerly winds and the North East Trade winds blow in the raining and dry (Harmattan) seasons respectively. Tropical Forest exists in the south, while guinea savanna predominates in the northern peripheries.

Language & Culture

The Ekiti is a sub-group of the Yoruba , and indeed their ancestors migrated from Ile-Ife, the spiritual home of all Yoruba . The local dialect is spoken with slight variations in the different communities, but this does not prevent Ekiti indigenes from understanding each other. Christianity, Islam and traditional religions are all practiced.

The people of Ekiti are culturally homogenous and speak a special dialect of Yoruba language known as Ekiti. The dialect however varies across locations, e.g. Otun people (in Moba land) speak a dialect close to that of the Igbominas in Kwara and Osun States; the Oke-Ako, Irele and Omu-Oke people speak a dialect similar to that spoken by the Ijumus in Kogi State. The people of Efon Alaaye also speak a similar dialect to that of the Ijesas of Osun State. Although slight (and in very few locations, somewhat wide) variations exist in the local dialects, the Ekiti people understand each other and communicate pretty well.

Politics here can offer surprises, with voters not always following their relatives at the polls. This, given the Ekiti sense that they must struggle for recognition within the Yoruba camp, is perhaps not surprising. In the Second Republic the Ekiti favoured the party of the South-West, the UPN. The Third Republic saw them stray somewhat, giving three seats to the NRC.

In the Fourth Republic, now more secure perhaps with their own state, the electorate returned to the fold, as it were, embracing the AD to the turn of two out of three Senate seats, all six House seats, the governorship and 22 out of 26 state assembly jurisdictions. The PDP managed a senator and three state assembly seats, while the APP had to settle for a lone representative.

Agricultural Products & Materials

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Ekiti, and it is the major source of income for many in the state. Agriculture provides income and employment for more than 75% of the population of Ekiti State.

Some of Ekiti’s agricultural produce are: Cash crops such as Cocoa, Oil Palm, Kolanut, Plantain, Bananas, Cashew, Citrus and Timber; Arable /Food Crops such as Rice, Yam, Cassava, Maize and cowpea. A detailed list of agricultural produce is contained in the tables below.

Cash Crops

S/No Crop Locations Uses
1 Cocoa Ise, Emure, Ilawe, Ado, Igede, Igbara, Odo, Aramoko, Ikoro Cocoa butter, Cocoa, Powder, Beverages, Cocoa Liquor and Export
2 Oil Palm Spread across the State Vegetable Oil, Spices, Flavoring and export
3 Kola Nut Ikoro, Igede, Ise and generally in the forest zone Stimulants and export
4 Plantain/Banana Widespread across the State Plantain Flour, Plantain Beer, Plantain Balls & Chips/Crape
5 Cashew Northern part of the State Oil, Nuts and for export
6 Citrus Widespread across the State Fruit, Juice, Fruit Wine and for export
7 Rubber Southern part of the State Tyre manufacturing, Crepe and for export
8 Timber Ijero, Ise, Ikere, Aramoko, Ado Log, Planks, Panel Furniture Ilawe and for export

Arable/Food Crops

S/No Crop Highly Cultivated LGAs Industrial Uses/Products
1 Rice Irepodun/Ifelodun, Ekiti West, Ekiti East, Ikole Flour, Grits, Grains
2 Yam Widely cultivated across the State Yam Flour
3 Cassava Widely cultivated across the State Garri, Starch, Adhesive, Mosquito Expeller, Livestock Feeds, Chips, Yeast, Alcohol Products
4 Maize Widely cultivated across the State Maize, Grit, Corn Flour
5 Cowpea Northern Part of the State Grits, Flour
6 Plantain & Banana Widely cultivated across the State Plantain Flour, Plantain Chips/Crepe, Plantain Juice & Beer

Mineral Resources

Ekiti is rich in natural mineral resources, with several of these yet to be tapped. They include casserrite, columbite and tantalite which are found in Ijero-Ekiti, ceramic (ball) clays and kaolinitic clays which are available in Isan Ekiti and Oye Local Government Area.
Feldspar which is used in the manufacture of glass is found in Oke Ewu in Ijero Ekiti and in Aramoko. Bauxite clay is available in Orin-Ekiti in Ido/Osi Local Government Area, while foundry quartzite can be found around Ijero and Efon Alaaye, Ekiti.
Dimension stones like granites, charconites and banded gneisses exist extensively in Ikere-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti, Oye-Ekiti, Ewu and Otun-Ekiti. Mica/Moscovite is found in most parts of the state, while Tantalum is also available in Ijero.
A comprehensive list of natural resources can be found in the table below.

S/No Types of Mineral Town LGA Industrial Uses/Product
1 Clay Kaolin Isan-Ekiti Oye Chemicals, Industrials abrasive, Ceramics wares,  Pharmaceuticals, Fertilizers. White tiles, Insulator wares, Pencils.
2 Cassiterite and Tin Ore Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Tin Planting, Tin Can, Alloys Printings and Dying.
3 Columbite Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Special Steel, Electronic Tube, Filaments in Rackets and Air Craft Manufacture
4 Bauxite (Aluminum Ore) Orin-Ekiti Ido Osi Aluminum Productsproduction
5 Foundry Sand Ijero-Ekiti Ijero Foundry Ceramics Manufactureof Glass Wares
6 Charnochite Granite Ikere-Ekiti, Ado-Ekiti, Emure-Ekiti, Aramoko Ikere, Ado, Emure, Ekiti West Stone Cutting and Polishing, Road Aggregate

Geo-Political Arrangement

S/No LG Name HQ
1 Ado-Ekiti Ado-Ekiti
2 Efon-Alaaye Efon-Alaaye
3 Ekiti East Omuo-Ekiti
4 Ekiti South West Ilawe-Ekiti
5 Ekiti West Aramoko
6 Emure Emure-Ekiti
7 Gbonyin (Aiyekire) Ode-Ekiti
8 Ise/Orun Ise-Ekiti
9 Ido-Osi Ido-Ekiti
10 Ijero Ijero-Ekiti
11 Ikere Ikere-Ekiti
12 Ikole Ikole-Ekiti
13 Ilejemeje Iye-Ekiti
14 Irepodun/Ifelodun Igede-Ekiti
15 Moba Otun-Ekiti
16 Oye Oye-Ekiti
Ekiti Central Senatorial District
  • Ado Local Government Area
  • Efon Local Government Area
  • Ekiti West Local Government Area
  • Ijero Local Government Area
  • Irepodun/Ifelodun Local Government Area
Ekiti North Senatorial District
  • Ido/Osi Local Government Area
  • Ikole Local Government Area
  • Ilejemeje Local Government Area
  • Moba Local Government Area
  • Oye Local Government Area
Ekiti South Senatorial District
  • Ekiti East Local Government Area
  • Ekiti South West Local Government Area
  • Emure Local Government Area
  • Gbonyin Local Government Area
  • Ikere Local Government Area
  • Ise/Orun Local Government Area

Federal Constituencies

  • Ekiti Central I – Ado/Irepodun/Ifelodun
  • Ekiti Central II – Ijero/Efon/Ekiti West
  • Ekiti North I – Ikole/Oye
  • Ekiti North II – Ido-Osi/Ilejemeje/Moba
  • Ekiti South I – Ekiti South West/Ikere/Ise-Orun
  • Ekiti South II – Ekiti East/Emure/Gbonyin

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